What is Vasculitis?


When blood vessels become inflamed, the term used to describe this condition is vasculitis. Inflammation may be due to so many factors but regardless of the cause, the affected blood vessels become thick, narrow and weak. As the inflammation worsens, the blood vessels are scarred which can lead to terrible complications.

We all know that the blood vessels play a vital role in the body. Blood vessels deliver blood, nutrients and oxygen to various tissues and organs of the body. The different organs of the body need oxygen and nutrients to function well. If blood supply to an organ of the body is diminished, the organ may not function well and as vasculitis progresses; there will surely be tissue damage and even death of the affected area.

What happens in vasculitis?

Inflamed blood vessels tend to become narrow due to vasculitis. Blood may find it hard to move inside the vessels. As the disease worsens, blood vessels may close off which could impair the function of the organ supplied by the blood vessels. If the organ affected is the kidneys, the filtration and excretion of urine and toxic products in the body become impaired. When the organs affected are the lungs, the intake of oxygen which is vital to the body tissues and the removal of carbon dioxide are also put to a halt. The results are the body will have reduced oxygen supply while poisonous carbon dioxide gas accumulates in the body which could be very fatal.

What are the symptoms of vasculitis?

The symptoms of vasculitis may vary according to the tissue or organ affected. The most common symptoms are the presence of petechial rashes which is the result of the rupture blood vessels under the skin. There is also fever which is a positive sign of infection. There is swelling of the area affected which leads to pain, tenderness and overall feeling of weakness and fatigue.

When vasculitis is not treated as soon as possible, it may result to different symptoms. In failure of the lungs, there will be breathing problems, failure of the different organs since there is less oxygen and more carbon dioxide in the blood and massive lung failure. When the kidneys are affected, there will be less urine output, toxicity of the blood since toxins and salts accumulate and the possibility of infections increase.

For early signs of vasculitis, patients and parents are recommended to consult their doctor at once. Don’t take any symptoms for granted since these could make a difference between life and death.

Vasculitis treatments

Treatments for vascultis depend on the symptoms that you have. Usually doctors may advice steroids and other anti-inflammatory drugs since these can suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation. Other medications recommended are antiviral medications to stop –viral infections. Home remedies are also symptomatic when means it depends on the symptom that customers complain about. Frequent follow-up and monitoring of the treatment used is also very important; this determines more treatments or the effectiveness of this condition.

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